Jajce

The capital of the independent medieval Kingdom of Bosnia.

Guide to Jajce

Jajce, the capital of the independent medieval Kingdom of Bosnia, a city of stone, light and water, the royal castle, town-museum under the open sky, was built on the banks of the rivers Pliva and Vrbas.

Jajce, the capital of the independent medieval Kingdom of Bosnia, a city of stone, light and water, the royal castle, town-museum under the open sky, was built on the banks of the rivers Pliva and Vrbas. City with its towers, walls and fortress which surround the town are interesting to see for everybody. Once you there, you get the feeling of mysterious history of the place and you will rush to get to know it better. The old city of Jajce is a candidate for UNESCO World Heritage site. We will visit the strongest determinant of the city, his trademark, magnificent, 18 meter high waterfall, place where the river Pliva tumbles abruptly into the Vrbas river. The waterfall decorates the center of the Old Town, which makes this place unique in the world. For sure it will take your breath away. If You are bit more lucky You can come during Summer Festival when there is diving competition next to waterfalls. This small city opens extraordinary ability to capture a single glance of four empires: Roman, Byzantine, Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian, three kingdoms: Bosnian, Hungarian and Yugoslav, three world monotheistic religions: Christianity (Orthodoxy and Catholicism), Islam and Judaism, and different architectural styles. Jajce Fortress with long defensive walls was the stronghold of the town of Jajce, a former royal capital and the last territorial possession of the Kingdom of Bosnia. It’s one of the most recognizable symbols of Jajce, it’s believed that it was built back in 13th century.

Today the fortress provides breath-taking views of the surroundings, and pleasant walks along the ramparts. Located inside the defensive city walls of Jajce are the Catacombs, a monument of particular value and importance. At the end of 14th century, when the town was experiencing major political and cultural development, the mighty Bosnian duke ordered that these catacombs be built in the granite rocks as a place of last residence for himself and the ducal family. In the catacombs in 1943 stayed and worked Josip Broz Tito. Jajce is an important city of the Yugoslav history since The Second Conference of Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia (AVNOJ) had held and founded federal state of Yugoslavia in this city. In 2003, the Commission for the Protection of National Monuments of Bosnia and Herzegovina registered the Catacombs as a national monument.

On the way to the Fortress there is a Clock Tower, which was used as a primer entrance to the town during medieval period. We will visit also visit the symbol of the coexistence in Jajce, the Church of St. Mary or the Sultan Suleyman II Mosque. From the middle of 19th century, the object is not in use, because through its history, it burned three times. Today, only walls remained of the building. Through the history, the object has been used as a church and as a mosque. There are reminders that in this object, different religions had prayed. Mihrab and the entrance to the mosque at one side and the entrance to the church at the other side. From the northeast side of the object was built the tower of St. Luke. It has been built by the domestic masters. The bell tower of St. Luke represents the only surviving medieval tower in the continental part of Balkan. In 1892, these objects have been declared as a cultural heritage by the Austro-Hungarian government.

Pliva Lakes and Watermills near Jajce Located a few kilometers away from Jajce are Pliva Lakes. These lakes offer many recreational opportunities: fishing, kayaking, canoeing, swimming, playing volleyball, biking and walking, and it was here that wooden watermills were built during the Middle Ages. You will see how we used water power in old times in order to produce ceeds and flower for bread. Due to the historical, architectural, and geological value of the Pliva lakes and watermills, both were declared to be “National Monuments of Bosnia and Herzegovina” in 2009.

These two small towns, but very beautiful, historically very important, full of interesting monuments surely will charm You.

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